MON810 maize is a product of the Monsanto company. The maize line has been genetically modified to be resistant against lepidopteran insects.
In 2009, MON810 maize was commercially grown in 17 countries, including six countries of the EU. Additionally, MON810 was imported in several other countries.
MON810 maize was produced by particle bombardment and contains a truncated cry1Ab gene which confers resistance against European stemborer and other lepidoptera.
The cultivation of MON810 is currently banned in Austria, Hungary, France, Greece, Germany, and Luxembourg
MON863 maize is a product of the Monsanto company. The maize line was produced by particle acceleration (biolistic) transformation and contains the following two foreign genes:
- a cry3Bb1 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kumamotoensis. The cry3Bb1 gene encodes a Coleopteran-specific insecticidal protein.
- a nptII gene. NptII is an antibiotic resistance marker gene encoding the enzyme neomycin phosphotransferase II
MON863 is banned in Austria