Limits to biotech

"Monarch-flies"

“Monarch flies”

- A small intervention with immense consequences...

Just three tiny changes in the individual base pairs of a gene can make fruit flies resistant to toxins produced by specific plants. As a result, they can absorb the poison and become toxic to their predators… >>MORE<<

hornless GE cattle

Hornless GE cattle

- errors of gene scissors only discovered years later...

Cattle were genetically engineered with gene scissors to prevent the growth of horns. Several years later, researchers found complete DNA sequences conferring antibiotic resistance in the genomes of the cattle… >>MORE<<

Genetically engineered camelina

Genetically engineered camelina

- endangers native, regional varieties…

CRISPR/Cas gene scissors were used to alter 18 sites on the genome of camelina. In the US, these plants are already deregulated even though they are able to persist and propagate in the environment, and might also cross into natural populations… >>MORE<<

super muscly pigs

Genetically engineered “super-muscly pigs”

- an aspiration for industrial food production, a nightmare for the pigs...

New methods of genetic engineering are being used to produce animals with enhanced muscle growth to produce more meat. What sounds like a dream come true for industrial food production is a nightmare for the animals… >>MORE<<

CRISPR-Pilze

Genetically engineered mushrooms

- safety is just a fantasy...

Mushrooms createdusing new genetic engineering methods have been authorised for marketing in the USA without being assessed. The reason: genes were "only" removed and none added… >>MORE<<

gene drives

Gene Drive

intervention in the "germline" of natural diversity

Gene-drives are, in particular, intended to alter wild species, whereby the application is purposely not restricted to the field or the laboratory. There are currently ongoing discussions about whether such methods should be used in insects, wild life animal species or weedy plant species… >>MORE<<

genetically engineered trees

Genetically engineered trees

- genetically engineered forests?

Forest trees such as poplars are also being genetically engineered. The problem: there is no way of implementing reliable risk assessment because forest trees have various and complex interactions with the environment… >>MORE<<

genetically engineered wheat

Genetically engineered wheat

- specific patterns of genetic modification...

The wheat genome is huge. The use of gene scissors such as CRISPR/Cas on the wheat genome therefore creates specific patterns of genetic modification that are often unique and cannot be achieved with conventional breeding... >>MORE<<

Gentechnik-Korallen

Genetically engineered corals

- genetically engineered for adaptation to climate change...

The aim in the genetic engineering of corals using CRISPR is ostensibly to strengthen their adaptability to climate change and increased temperatures. However, corals are complex organisms and rely on a symbiosis with microorganisms... >> MORE <<

turbo weeds

Turbo weeds

- risk of uncontrolled spread overlooked…

The majority of the currently cultivated genetically engineered plants have a much higher potential for uncontrolled environmental spread than expected. For more than 20 years this risk has been ‘overlooked‘… >> MORE <<